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Research on hybrid poplars and willow species for fast-growing tree plantations: Its importance for growth and yield, silviculture, policy-making and commercial applications

Publication: The Forestry Chronicle
1 January 2013

Abstract

There is a growing interest in fast-growing hybrid poplar and willow plantations in Canada. This interest can be explained both by the rapid growth rate and high yield potential of this type of production system. However, their establishment and maintenance require considerable investments. Research efforts on productivity comparisons between different clones or species, breeding, physiology, nutrition, silviculture, pest management, harvesting methods, social and economic issues and industrial transformation contribute to maximizing fibre production and minimizing production costs. The objective of this paper is to briefly describe a number of current or recently completed research studies on fast-growing hybrid poplar and willow plantations and to discuss their utility and impacts for practical applications.

Résumé

Il y a un intérêt pour les plantations d’espèces à croissance rapide de peupliers hybrides et de saules au Canada. Cet intérêt s’explique à la fois par le taux de croissance rapide et le potentiel élevé de rendement de ce type de système de production. Cependant, leur établissement et leur entretien requièrent des investissements considérables. Les efforts de recherche sur les comparaisons de productivité de différents clones ou espèces, les croisements, la physiologie, la nutrition, la sylviculture, la gestion des ravageurs, les méthodes de récolte, les aspects socio-économiques et la transformation industrielle contribuent à maximiser la production de fibre et à minimiser les coûts de production. L’objectif de cet article est de décrire brièvement des travaux de recherche en cours ou récemment complétés sur les plantations d’espèces à croissance rapide de peupliers hybrides et de saules et de discuter de leur utilité et de leurs impacts à des fins d’applications pratiques.

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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

cover image The Forestry Chronicle
The Forestry Chronicle
Volume 89Number 01February 2013
Pages: 32 - 41

History

Published online: 1 January 2013

Key Words

  1. hybrid poplar
  2. willow
  3. plantation
  4. short-rotation forestry
  5. field application

Mots-clés

  1. peuplier hybride
  2. saule
  3. plantation
  4. foresterie en courte rotation
  5. application sur le terrain

Authors

Affiliations

G.R. Larocque
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., P.O. Box 10380, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Québec, Québec G1V 4C7
A. DesRochers
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Chaire Industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en aménagement forestier durable, 341 Principale Nord, Amos, Québec J9T 2L8
M. Larchevêque
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Chaire Industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en aménagement forestier durable, 341 Principale Nord, Amos, Québec J9T 2L8
F. Tremblay
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Chaire Industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en aménagement forestier durable, 445 de l’Université, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec J9X 5E4
J. Beaulieu
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., P.O. Box 10380, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Québec, Québec G1V 4C7
A. Mosseler
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Atlantic Forestry Centre, 1350 Regent Street, P.O. Box 4000, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5P7
J.E. Major
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Atlantic Forestry Centre, 1350 Regent Street, P.O. Box 4000, Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5P7
S. Gaussiran
Cégep de l’Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Technologie forestière, 425 du Collège, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec J9X 5E5
B.R. Thomas
Alberta-Pacific Forest Industries Inc., P.O. Box 8000, Boyle, Alberta T0A 0M0
Department of Renewable Resources, University of Alberta, 7-51 General Services Building, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2H1
D. Sidders
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Canadian Wood Fibre Centre, 5320-122nd Street Northwest, Edmonton, Alberta T6H 3S5
P. Périnet
Ministère des Ressources naturelles du Québec, 2700 Einstein, Québec, Québec G1P 3W8
J. Kort
Agroforestry Development Centre, Science and Technology Branch, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, P.O. Box 940, No. 2 Government Road, Indian Head, Saskatchewan S0G 2K0
M. Labrecque
Montreal Botanical Garden, Institut de recherche en biologie végétale, 4101 Sherbrooke Est, Montréal, Québec H1X 2B2
P. Savoie
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 2560 Hochelaga, Québec, Québec G1V 2J3
S. Masse
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., P.O. Box 10380, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Québec, Québec G1V 4C7
O.T. Bouman
Department of Biology, Cape Breton University, P.O. Box 5300, Sydney, Nova Scotia B1P 6L2
D. Kamelchuk
Alberta-Pacific Forest Industries Inc., P.O. Box 8000, Boyle, Alberta T0A 0M0
L. Benomar
Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Chaire Industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en aménagement forestier durable, 341 Principale Nord, Amos, Québec J9T 2L8
T. Mamashita
Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service, Laurentian Forestry Centre, 1055 du P.E.P.S., P.O. Box 10380, Stn. Sainte-Foy, Québec, Québec G1V 4C7
P. Gagné
Ligniculture Québec, Pavillon C.-E.-Marchand, 1030 de la Médecine, Université Laval, Québec, Québec G1V 0A6

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1. Evaluation of Canadian Prairie-Grown Hybrid Poplar for High Value Solid Wood Products

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