Free access

China’s Natural Forest Protection Program: Progress and impacts

Publication: The Forestry Chronicle
14 July 2017

Abstract

This is a brief review on the progress and impacts of China’s Natural Forest Protection Program that was initiated in response to massive flooding in 1998 of the major river basins of China. The program was heavily financed by the central government and was a success in terms of three program goals: timber harvest control in the natural forests; increase in the total area of forest protection; and, the successful resettlement of forest workers who were affected by reduced harvests. The ecological, social, and economic impacts of the program are discussed.

Résumé

Voici une brève revue des progrès et des résultats qu’a connus le Programme de protection des forêts naturelles chinoises amorcé à la suite de l’importante inondation survenue en 1988 dans les principaux bassins de rivières de la Chine. Le programme, financé à grands frais par le gouvernement central, a été couronné de succès dans les trois axes qu’on lui avait donné : contrôle de la récolte dans les forêts naturelles; augmentation de la surface forestière totale sous protection; et rétablissement des travailleurs forestiers qui avaient subi les contrecoups de la diminution de la récolte. Cet article examine les effets du programme sur les volets écologiques, sociaux et sur l’économie.

Formats available

You can view the full content in the following formats:

References

Aronson J., Floret C., Le Floc’h E., Ovalle C., and Pontanier R. 1993 Restoration and rehabilitation of degraded ecosystems in arid and semi-arid lands I. A view from the south. Restor. Ecol 1 1 8 -17
Chazdon R.L. 2008 Beyond deforestation: Restoring forests and ecosystem services on degraded lands Science 320 1458 -1460
Dai L, Zhao W., Shao G., Lewis B.L., Yu D., Zhou L., and Zhou W. 2013 The progress and challenges in sustainable forestry development in China Int. J. Sust. Dev. world 20 5 394 -403
FAO. 2016. FAOSTAT (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations–Statistics Division), http://faostat3.fao.org/home/ (accessed November, 2016).
Liu, D. and H. Li. 2013. Forestry interests and reform. China’s Finance and Economy Press. 165 p (in Chinese).
Lu S., Li S., Chen B., and Nie S. 2013 Evaluation of forest ecosystem services and forest succession in the mountainous region of Beijing, China J. Food Agric. Environ 11 3&4 2674 -2681
Ma, T. 2008. Interconnected Forests: Global and Domestic Impacts of China’s Forestry Conservation. China Environmental Health Project Research Brief, China Environmental Health Project, United States Agency for International Development, Washington DC, 2008.
Mullan K., Kontoleon A., Swanson T.M., and Zhang S. 2010 Evaluation of the impact of the Natural Forest Protection Program on rural household livelihoods Environ. Manage 45 3 513 -525
Ouyang Z. et al. 2016 Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital Science 352 6292 1455 -1459
Ren G., Young S.S., Wang L., Wang W., Long Y., Wu R., Li J., Zhu J., and Yu D.W. 2015 Effectiveness of China’s National Forest Protection Program and nature reserves Conserv. Biol 29 5 1368 -1377
State Forestry Administration of China. 2015. The ecological and social impacts of the Natural Forest Protection Program in the key state forest regions of the northeastern provinces and Inner Mongolia. China Forestry Publishing House. 212 p (in Chinese).
State Forestry Administration of China. 2016a. China forestry development reports 2000-2015. Available at http://www.forestry.gov.cn/CommonAction.do?dispatch=more&colid=62&p=1/ [Accessed November 2016] (in Chinese).
State Forestry Administration of China. 2016b. National Forest Inventories. Available from China forestry database at http://data.forestry.gov.cn/lysjk/indexJump.do?url=view/moudle/index/ [Accessed November 2016] (in Chinese).
State Planning Committee. 2002. Approval on the program outline for fast-growing and high-yield timber base development in major forest regions. Agri. Econ. 2002-1037 (in Chinese).
Sun, G. 2011. Policy interpretations of Phase II Natural Forest Protection Program. Interviewed by China Talk on May 25, 2011. Available at http://www.china.com.cn/fangtan/2011-05/25/content_22640750.htm [Accessed November 2016] (in Chinese).
Viña A., McConnell W.J., Yang H., Xu Z., and Liu J. 2016 Effects of conservation policy on China’s forest recovery Sci. Adv 2 3 e1500965
Wang Q., Ruan X., Pan C.-D., Xu N.-Y., Luo X., and Huang M.-M. 2006 Need for sustainability policy – a case study of the Natural Forest Conservation Program (NFCP) in the western region of Tianshan Mountain, China For. Chron 82 1 31 -39
Wang, Y. 2010. Social impact assessment of the Natural Forest Protection Program on the forest-dependent communities and households in Western China - Case studies in Gansu Province and Chongqing Municipality. Ph.D. Dissertation. Technische Universität Dresden, Germany. 244 p.
Xu J., Tao R., and Amacher G.S. 2004 An empirical analysis of China’s state-owned forests For. Policy Econ 6 3–4 379 -390
Yang M. 1998 An analysis on the flood of the Changjing River in 1998 Sci. Technol. Rev 10 3−6 in Chinese
Yuan S.Q., Shen Q.Y., Tian J., and Bai X.H. 2015 Research report of the full stop forest commercial cutting in Heilongjiang forest area For. Econ 2 47 -51 in Chinese
Zhao G. and Shao G. 2002 Logging restrictions in China: A turning point for forest sustainability J. For 100 4 34 -37
Zhang P., Shao G., Zhao G., Le Master D.C., Parker G.R., Dunning J.B., and Li Q. 2000 China’s forest policy for the 21st century Science 288 5474 2135 -2136
Zhang, P., X. Zhou and F. Wang. 1999. Introduction to Natural Forest Conservation Program. China’s Forestry Publishing House, Beijing (in Chinese).
Zhang, Y. 2015. The 2020 goal of the Natural Forest Protection Program. Available at http://www.gov.cn/xinwen/2015-12/03/content_5019326.htm/ [Accessed November 2016] (in Chinese).
Zhou T. and Sheng W. 2008 On the plantation sustainability in China World For. Res 21 49 -53 in Chinese

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

cover image The Forestry Chronicle
The Forestry Chronicle
Volume 93Number 02June 2017
Pages: 113 - 117

History

Version of record online: 14 July 2017

Key Words

  1. natural forest protection and restoration
  2. timber harvest control
  3. plantations

Mots-clés

  1. protection et rétablissement des forêts naturelles
  2. récolte de bois
  3. plantations

Authors

Affiliations

Faculty of Forestry, Beijing Forestry University, 35 Qinghua East Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China

Metrics & Citations

Metrics

Other Metrics

Citations

Cite As

Export Citations

If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice. Simply select your manager software from the list below and click Download.

Cited by

1. Climate change and sustainable forestry: A regional perspective from northeast China

View Options

View options

PDF

View PDF

Get Access

Media

Media

Other

Tables

Share Options

Share

Share the article link

Share on social media