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Damage caused by Lophodermium needle cast in open-pollinated and control-crossed progeny trials of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.)

Publication: The Forestry Chronicle
28 May 2018

Abstract

The effect of genetics on the level of damage caused by Lophodermium needle cast to Scots pine was assessed in an openpollinated progeny trial (226 families from 12 provenances) and in a control-crossed progeny trial (72 families obtained by diallel crossing of 10 parent trees). Each of the trials was replicated on two test sites. The damage caused by the pathogen was estimated visually in June of the 2nd and 6th growing seasons using a five grade scale. Location and genetics were found to be significantly related to the level of needle cast damage. The proportion of severely damaged trees in each family correlated significantly between locations; moreover, the correlation was tighter for the control-crossed than open-pollinated families (r = 0.59 and r = 0.36, respectively), indicating higher stability of resistance level against the disease for the genetically more homogeneous material. The effect of plus tree selection on the proportion of severely damaged trees was similar, regardless of its status (i.e., mother-tree or father-tree) in the family. The progenies of plus trees selected for resin production had the same level of damage by Lophodermium spp. needle cast as the selections made for growth and stem form.

Résumé

Cette étude portait sur l’effet de la génétique sur le niveau de dégât lié au rouge cryptogamique des aiguilles de pin (Lophodermium) chez le pin sylvestre. Le dispositif comprenait un test de descendance à pollinisation naturelle sur 226 familles venant de 12 provenances, et un test de descendance avec pollinisation croisée sur 72 familles résultant des croisements diallèles sur 10 parents. Chacun des tests a été répété sur deux sites d’essais. L’évaluation visuelle des dommages causés par l’agent pathogène s’est faite aux mois de juin de la 2e et de la 6e année en utilisant une classification à cinq niveaux. La localisation et la génétique étaient liées de façon significative au dégât provoqué par le rouge cryptogamique. La proportion des arbres très endommagés dans chaque famille était significativement corrélée entre les deux sites de tests; de plus, le niveau de corrélation était plus élevé chez les familles résultant de pollinisation croisée que chez celles obtenues par pollinisation libre (r = 0,59 et r = 0,36, respectivement), ce qui laisse croire que la résistance à la maladie serait plus stable avec du matériel génétiquement plus homogène. L’effet lié à la sélection des arbres plus sur la proportion d’arbres très endommagés demeurait le même, peu importe son statut dans la famille (c. à d. arbre-mère ou arbre-père). Les descendances d’arbres plus choisis pour la production de résine montraient le même niveau de dommage par le rouge cryptogamique des aiguilles de pin (Lophodermium spp) que celles choisies pour la croissance et la forme de la tige.

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Information & Authors

Information

Published In

cover image The Forestry Chronicle
The Forestry Chronicle
Volume 94Number 02April 2018
Pages: 155 - 161

History

Version of record online: 28 May 2018

Key Words

  1. Lophodermium spp
  2. resistance breeding
  3. provenances
  4. tree improvement

Mots-clés

  1. Lophodermium spp
  2. croisements pour la résistance
  3. provenances
  4. amélioration génétique des arbres

Authors

Affiliations

Una Neimane
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas 111, Salaspils, LV 2169, Latvia
Kaspars Polmanis
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas 111, Salaspils, LV 2169, Latvia
Astra Zaļuma
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas 111, Salaspils, LV 2169, Latvia
Dārta Kļaviņa
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas 111, Salaspils, LV 2169, Latvia
Tālis Gaitnieks
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas 111, Salaspils, LV 2169, Latvia
Āris Jansons [email protected]
Latvian State Forest Research Institute “Silava”, Rigas 111, Salaspils, LV 2169, Latvia

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